ERP流程的一个生动的例子

ERP流程的一个生动的例子:

一天中午,丈夫在外给家里打电话:“亲爱的老婆,晚上我想带几个同事回家吃饭可以吗?”(订货意向)

妻子:“当然可以,来几个人,几点来,想吃什么菜?”

丈夫:“6个人,我们7点左右回来,准备些酒、烤鸭、番茄炒蛋、凉菜、蛋花汤……。你看可以吗?”(商务沟通)

妻子:“没问题,我会准备好的。”(订单确认)

妻子记录下需要做的菜单(MPS计划),具体要准备的东西:鸭、酒、番茄、鸡蛋、调料……(BOM物料清单),发现需要:1只鸭蛋,5瓶酒,4个鸡蛋……(BOM展开),炒蛋需要6个鸡蛋,蛋花汤需要4个鸡蛋(共用物料)。

打开冰箱一看(库房),只剩下2个鸡蛋(缺料)。

来到自由市场,妻子:“请问鸡蛋怎么卖?”(采购询价)

小贩:“1个1元,半打5元,1打9.5元。”

妻子:“我只需要8个,但这次买1打。”(经济批量采购)

妻子:“这有一个坏的,换一个。”(验收、退料、换料)

回到家中,准备洗菜、切菜、炒菜……(工艺线路),厨房中有燃气灶、微波炉、电饭煲……(工作中心)。

妻子发现拨鸭毛最费时间(瓶颈工序,关键工艺路线),用微波炉自己做烤鸭可能来不及(产能不足),于是在楼下的餐厅里买现成的(产品委外)。

下午4点,接到儿子的电话:“妈妈,晚上几个同学想来家里吃饭,你帮忙准备一下。”(紧急订单)

“好的,你们想吃什么,爸爸晚上也有客人,你愿意和他们一起吃吗?”

“菜你看着办吧,但一定要有番茄炒鸡蛋,我们不和大人一起吃,6:30左右回来。”(不能并单处理)

“好的,肯定让你们满意。”(订单确定)

“鸡蛋又不够了,打电话叫小店送来。”(紧急采购)

6:30,一切准备就绪,可烤鸭还没送来,急忙打电话询问:“我是李太,怎么订的烤鸭还不送来?”(采购委外单跟催)

“不好意思,送货的人已经走了,可能是堵车吧,马上就会到的。”

门铃响了。

“李太太,这是您要的烤鸭。请在单上签一个字。”(验收、入库、转应付账款)

6:45,女儿的电话:“妈妈,我想现在带几个朋友回家吃饭可以吗?”(呵呵,又是紧急订购意向,要求现货)

“不行呀,女儿,今天妈已经需要准备两桌饭了,时间实在是来不及,真的非常抱歉,下次早点说,一定给你们准备好。”(哈哈,这就是ERP的使用局限,要有稳定的外部环境,要有一个起码的提前期)。

送走了所有客人,疲惫的妻子坐在沙发上对丈夫说:“亲爱的,现在咱们家请客的频率非常高,应该要买些厨房用品了(设备采购),最好能再雇个小保姆(连人力资源系统也有缺口了)。

丈夫:“家里你做主,需要什么你就去办吧。”(通过审核)

妻子:“还有,最近家里花销太大,用你的私房钱来补贴一下,好吗?”(最后就是应收货款的催要)

记住,每一个合格的家庭主妇都是生产厂长的有力竞争者。

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